与时间博弈:提高阅读速度的6个建议
发布时间: 2017-11-06   来源: 北外网院
关键词: 英语阅读 提高速度 北外网院 北外网课 北外助学计划

这是一篇颇有争议的小文,歧义主要出现在“阅读速度对阅读体验的影响是否绝对积极”的问题上。也有一些高冷派人士认为,文中提出的“速读”只适用于日常信息浏览,而真正的“阅读”是一种根据个人兴趣主动获取知识储备与精神慰藉的私密行为,两者根本不能同日而语。

 

在这里,我们暂且不妄下定论,每个人的阅读目的不同,收获与体验自然相差甚远,但如何读起书来更顺畅流利,是每个热衷英语学习的同学共同的理想,下面几个小技巧值得大家尝试。

不要重复Don't repeat

This is the thing that really slows us down. Whenever you find yourself repeating the words in your mind or out loud you are significantly decreasing the speed of your reading. The goal is to read with your eyes, not with your mouth. The easiest trick around this is to repeat something else instead. Something like: “1 2 3 4 5” or “a e i o u”. This will occupy your mind with a simple activity so there’s no other way for you to read than to use only your eyes – which is the true secret of speed reading.

这肯定会降低我们的阅读速度。每次当你发现自己正在脑海里或是嘴里不自觉的重复读的字时,那意味着你在减慢自己的阅读速度。我们的目标是用眼睛阅读,而不是嘴。最简单的诀窍是重复其他的东西。比如说“1,2,3,4,5……”或“a, e, I ,o ,u”。这会让你的思想注意在简单的事情上,这时你除了用眼睛就没法用其他的方式阅读了,这是快速阅读最有效的诀窍。

集中精力Focus

This may sound obvious but it’s worth mentioning here. When I was reading something in the past, even if it was interesting, I found myself wandering off and thinking about other things, so I had to re-read the same sentence a couple of times. It was, let’s say, “doable” to read an article or a chapter of a book despite not being present with your mind. However, when you’re speed reading it’s totally impossible to do it and be thinking about something else at the same time, so focus!

这显而易见,但还是值得一提。以前当我阅读的时候,就算是我非常感兴趣的东西,也会走神去想其他事情,从而不得不回头去重新读已经读过的句子。虽说你走神的时候阅读文章或是书中段落也是“可行的”,但如果你想快速阅读,那就不可能一边阅读一边想其他的事情。所以,请集中注意力!

三字定律

The third word rule

Here’s what you do: start reading each line on the third word, and end each line on the third word from the end. Don’t worry, you won’t lose any information. Your eyes will catch those first and last words too, by using something called the peripheral vision.

As an example consider such a line of text:

“Marry had a little lamb but she ate it for supper.”

The words in bold indicate the focus points.

你要做的就是:从每行第3个字开始阅读,在每行倒数第3个字结束阅读。不必担心,你不会漏看任何信息。用眼睛的余光你会看到开头和结尾的几个字。

举个例子,看下面这句话:

“玛丽把她的小羊羔炖了做晚饭。”

黑体字就是你要开始和结束的地方。

单个读词

Don’t read every

word separately

The easiest way of doing this is to read from a bigger distance (like 2ft). The goal here is to not focus on single words individually, but to read two or three of them in just one snapshot. So the idea is, you look at a fragment of text and read a couple of words all at once, then you take another snapshot of the words next to them, and so on.

这样做最好的办法就是离远点阅读。这里的目标是不要把注意力集中在单个字上,而是一眼就读2~3个字。这样做的好处就是看一眼文章就能一次读几个字,下一眼就能看到相邻的几个字,依次类推。

不要倒读Don’t skip back

This is a very common problem. It happens without us even knowing it (at first). The fact that skipping back to re-read a single word (or even a whole sentence) slows you down is obvious. If you want to improve the speed of your reading you have to fight this habit. But first you have to acknowledge that it exists, realize that you are indeed doing it. Then simply try to stop. Reading with your finger helps a lot here, just remember to follow the finger at all times.

这是很普遍的问题。一开始我们甚至不会意识到这个问题。回头重复阅读词语(甚至整个句子)会明显减慢阅读速度。如果你想提高阅读速度,就必须改掉这个习惯。但首先你必须承认这个问题存在,意识到你正在这样做。然后就尽量改掉它。跟着手指阅读会帮助你改掉这个毛病,只要记住任何时候都跟着手指走。

保持速度Start too fast

Start reading too fast to be able to comprehend everything comfortably. Then after a page or two slow down to the speed that’s comfortable for you. Just like driving on a highway, if you’re doing 90 and slow down to 70 it feels slow, but if you’re doing 50 and speed up to 70 it feels fast even though it’s the same speed.

一开始快点读,直到你能适应这个速度。读几页后回到你适合的速度。这就像你在告诉路上开车时,从90码后来降到70码,你会感觉慢,但是从50码加速到70码时,虽然速度相同,但感觉上快多了。

 

                   

 

 

 

 

 

          

 

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