今日英语:副词放在哪里才正确?
发布时间: 2017-05-10   来源: 北外网院
关键词: 英语学习 单词语法 北外网课 北外网院 北外英语在职研

副词能够传达出某事完成的方式、时间或地点。通过观察adverb这个词语,我们会很容易理解到副词的性质:adverbs就是在verb(动词)上进行补充~下面我们来看看一些例子:

Jack often visits his grandmother in Chicago. -> The adverb 'often' tells us how often Jack visits his grandmother in Chicago.

杰克经常去芝加哥看望奶奶。->副词often告诉我们杰克去芝加哥看望奶奶的频率。

Alice plays golf very well. -> The adverb 'well' tells us how Alice plays golf. It tells us the quality of how she plays.

爱丽丝的高尔夫打得很好。->副词well告慰我们爱丽丝打高尔夫的情况,即水平。

However, they must remember to clean up before they leave. -> The adverb 'however' connects the sentence to the independent clause or sentence that comes before it.

但是,他们必须记住,在离开之前打扫干净。->副词however将该句与之前的独立从句或句子连接了起来。

你可能会注意到,这三个句子中,副词的位置都不相同。英语中副词的位置有时候会让人摸不着头脑。一般来说,只有具体到某一种副词时,我们才会讲解其位置。频率副词的位置是直接放在主要动词前面。因此,它们位于句子。这被称为副词位置的“中间位置”。下面是关于英语中副词位置的一般说明:

Adverb Placement - Initial Position

副词位置——初始位置

位于从句或句子前的副词位置被称为“初始位置”。

1.Connecting Adverbs

连接副词

当我们使用连接副词将一段陈述与之前的从句或句子连接起来时,就是用到副词的初始位置。

你一定要记住,连接副词位于句子的开头,以便于和之前的句子连接在一起。连接副词后经常会跟有逗号。连接副词数量繁多,下面是一些最常使用的:

However

但是

Consequently

最终

Then

然后

Next

接下来

Still

仍然

Examples:

例子

Life is hard. However, life can be fun.

生活充满艰辛,却又不乏乐趣。

The market is very difficult these days. Consequently, we need to focus on what works best for our customers.

这段时间市场很不景气。所以,我们要将重点放在那些最能为顾客提供优质服务的事情上。

My friend Mark doesn't enjoy school. Still, he's working hard at getting good grades.

我朋友马克不喜欢上学。但他仍然为了考高分而努力学习。

2.Time Adverbs

时间副词

时间副词也会用在句首,用来表示某事发生的时间。值得注意的是时间副词的位置是多变的。在所有的副词中,时间副词的位置是最为灵活的。

Examples:

例子:

Tomorrow Peter is going to visit his mother in Chicago.

皮特明天要去芝加哥看望妈妈。

Sundays I like playing golf with my friends.

我喜欢在周日和朋友一起打高尔夫。

Sometimes Jennifer enjoys a relaxing day at the beach.

有时候,珍妮弗会在海边度过轻松的一天。

Adverb Placement - Middle Position

副词位置——中间位置

1.Focusing Adverbs

焦点副词

焦点副词的位置一般位于句子中,或者说是“中间位置”。焦点副词会对句子中的一个部分进行强调,以便对其修饰、限制或补充额外信息。频率副词(sometimes、usually、never等),表可能性的副词(probably、certainly等)以及评论性副词(表达观点的副词,例如intelligently、expertly等)都可以用作焦点副词。

Examples:

例子:

She often forgets to take her umbrella to work.

她经常上班忘了带伞。

Sam stupidly left his computer at home instead of taking it with him to the conference.

萨姆笨拙地把电脑忘在家了,而不是把它带到会议上。

I'll certainly buy a copy of his book.

我一定会带上他书籍的复印本。

NOTE: Remember that adverbs of frequency are always placed before the main verb, rather than the auxiliary verb. (I don't often go to San Francisco. NOT I often don't go to San Francisco.)

注意:机制频率副词总是位于主要动词前面,而不是助动词前面。(是I don't often go to San Francisco.而不是I often don't go to San Francisco.)

Adverb Placement - End Position

副词位置——句末

副词位置经常是在句子或短语的末尾。副词可以位于句首或句子,页可以位于句子或短语的末尾。下面是最常见位于句子或短语末尾的副词。

1.Adverbs of Manner

方式副词

Adverb placement of adverbs of manner usually occurs at the end of a sentence or clause.

表方式的副词经常位于句子或从句的末尾。

Adverbs of manner tell us 'how' something is done.

方式副词告诉我们某事完成的方式。

Examples:

例子:

Susan hasn't done this report accurately.

苏珊没有准确地完成这个报告。

Sheila plays piano thoughtfully.

塞拉专注地弹着钢琴。

Tim does his math homework carefully.

蒂姆认真地作者数学作业。

2.Adverbs of Place

地点副词

表地点的副词经常位于句子或从句的末尾。地点副词告诉我们某事完成的地点。

Examples:

例子:

Barbara is cooking pasta downstairs.

芭芭拉在楼下做意大利面。

I'm working in the garden outside.

我在外面的花园里工作。

They will investigate the crime downtown.

他们会调查这起发生在市中心的案件。

3.Adverbs of Time

时间副词

时间副词的位置经常位于句子或从句的末尾。时间副词告诉我们某事完成的时间。

Examples:

例子:

Angie likes relaxing at home on weekends.

安琪周末喜欢在家休息。

Our meeting takes place at three o'clock.

我们的会议在三点进行。

Frank is having a checkup tomorrow afternoon.

法兰克明天下午有一项健康检查。

 

                   

 

 

              

  

 

 

                                  文章编辑取材自沪江英语

                               

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