用对这10个介词,小助攻瞬间上线
发布时间: 2017-02-15   来源: 北外网院
关键词: 英语学习 介词用法 北外网课 北外网院 雅思免费直播

介词是一些非常常见的小词,例如at、for、in、on和to,通常位于名词或代词前面,表达与另外一个词之间的关系。

母语是英语的人在常见的介词使用中很少犯错,然而,英语学习者经常犯错,因为他们更多地是直接从自己的语言中翻译,而非听地道的英语。

 

提高介词使用能力最好的方法是:

1. listen to spoken English as much as possible

尽可能多地听英语口语

2. test yourself on common prepositions

自我测试常用的介词

下面罗列了10个常见的介词用法错误:

1) arrive at 还是 arrive in

*When we arrived to Claudio’s house…

at通常用在具体的地点前:school学校、restaurant餐厅、airport机场、aunt’s house阿姨的家;而in通常用在城市或国家前面。

✓ When we arrived at Claudio’s house…

我们到达克劳迪奥的家……

✓ The train arrived at Shibuya station thirty seconds late.

火车延迟30秒到达涩谷车站。

✓ On Friday, the president arrived in Poland.

总统于周五到达波兰。

✓ The K-pop band arrived in Phnom Penh last week.

韩国流行乐队上周到达金边。

2) at night

*We often go out in the night.

in可以用在in the morning, in the afternoon, 和in the evening里,但是night前面需要用at。

✓ We often go out at night.

我们经常在夜晚出门。

✓ Krakow is beautiful at night.

夜晚的克拉科夫很美。

3) look for 还是 wait for

*I was looking my glasses.

*Giulia was waiting me at the bus stop.

如果你想表达寻找,那么用look for或者search for;如果你想表达等待,那么用wait for。

✓ I was looking for my glasses.

我在寻找我的眼镜。

✓ Tomis looking for a new job.

汤姆正在寻找一份新工作。

✓Giulia was waiting for me at the bus stop.

茱莉亚正在车站等着我。

✓Lucy is waiting for her sister to finish class.

露西正在等她的妹妹放学。

4) for [period of time]

*I’ve been working here since five years

for用在一段时间前面,比如:a few minutes/three months/twenty years。

since和具体的时间点连用,比如:this morning/September/the day we met。

✓I’ve been working here for five years.

我已经在这里工作五年了。

✓She hasn’t drunk coffee for years.

她好多年不喝咖啡了。

✓She’s been living in Yokohama since February.

她从二月起一直住在横滨。

✓I haven’t seen her since yesterday morning.

昨天早上之后,我就没再见到她。

5) in [months and years]

*It’s my birthday on July!

in总是和年份或月份连用。

✓It’s my birthday in July!

我的生日在7月。

✓Ola was born in 2004.

欧拉出生在2004年。

6) live/work/study in [cities and countries]

*I live at Tokyo.

在某个城市或国家居住、工作或学习用in,但住在某个具体的地址则用at,比如在一个特定的机构工作,或者是在某所大学学习。

✓I live in Tokyo.

我住在东京。

✓Roberta works in Sassari.

罗伯塔在萨萨里工作。

✓Hector studies in Canada.

赫克托尔在加拿大学习。

✓Ania lives at No.34, Green Street.

艾尼雅住在格林大街34号。

✓Ryosuke works for Toyota.

凉介在丰田工作。

✓Dara studies at Phnom Penh International University.

达拉在金边国际大学读书。

7) on [days and dates]

*It’s my birthday in Saturday!

on和具体的星期几或日期连用:

✓It’s my birthday on Saturday!

我的生日在周六!

✓It’s my birthday on May 1st. (But remember: It’s my birthday in May.)我的生日在五月一号。(但是要记住:我的生日在五月用 in。)

8) it depends on

*It depends of what you want: Italian food or Chinese food.

depend后面如果要加某人或某物,一定要和on连用,不然只能说it depends。

✓It depends on what you want: Italian food or Chinese food.

这取决于你想吃什么:意大利菜还是中国菜。

✓We’ll go to either Disney World or the beach, depending on the weather.

我们要去迪士尼乐园或海滩,这要看天气。

✓What do you usually have for breakfast – tea or coffee? – It depends!

你早餐通常喝什么——茶还是咖啡?—看情况。

9) welcome to

*Welcome in Peru!

欢迎到某地用welcome to+地点,比如:a house/school/organization/city/country。

✓Welcome to Peru!

欢迎来秘鲁!

✓Welcome to Cagliari.

欢迎来卡利亚里。

✓Welcome to Meiji University.

欢迎来明治大学。

✓Welcome to the Plaza Hotel. We hope you enjoy your stay.

欢迎来广场饭店,我们希望你在此过得愉快。

10) married to

*He’s married with Kim.

与某人结婚要用married to或者get married to,也可以说marry sb.。

✓He’s married to Kim.

他和金结婚了。

✓John’s getting married to Sara next summer.

约翰明年夏天要和萨拉结婚。

✓Kate is marrying my old school friend.

凯特要和我的一个老校友结婚了。

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

 

 文章编辑取材自沪江英语

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