2016年5月7日北京地区成人学位英语考试真题
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Part I   Reading Comprehension (30%)
Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D, You should decide on the best choice and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.


Passage 1
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:
  The  California lawmakers voted Thursday to raise the legal age to buy tobacco products from 18 to 21. The measure is part of a larger package of laws aimed at reducing tobacco use. If Governor Jerry Brown signs the bill, California will become the second state, after Hawaii, to raise the age limit for buying cigarettes and other tobacco products. More than 100 cities in the U.S., including New York and Boston have already raised the age limit.
A week ago, the California Assembly approved the measure, which ----in addition to raising the age limit----treats electronic cigarettes the same as tobacco products, expands smoke-free areas, increases smoking bans and allow counties to collect higher taxes on cigarettes than the 87-cent per pack state tax. The Assembly’s vote came a few days after the city of San Francisco increased the age to buy tobacco products to 21.
California lawmakers passed the bill despite lobbying(游说)from tobacco interests. The measure also faced opposition from many Republicans, who said the state should not be involved in policing people’s personal choices. “ I don’t smoke. I don’t encourage my children to,” said Republican Assemblyman Donald Wagner. “But  they’re adults, and it’s our job to treat our citizens as adults.”
   But supporters of the bill say raising the age to 21 moves legally purchased to tobacco that much farther from younger kids. “This will save the medical system millions of dollars, “ said Democratic Assemblyman Jim Wood. (76)”It will save thousands of lives.” A 2015 study by the Institute of Medicine “ found that if the minimum legal age to buy tobacco were raised to 21 nationwide, tobacco use would drop by 12 percent by the time today’s teens reached adulthood.In addition , there would be 223,000 fewer premature(过早的)deaths and 50, 000 fewer deaths from lung cancer.”


1. Which of the following is the first state to raise smoking age to 21”
   A. California  B Hawaii  C.  New York     D. Washington
2. The California law includes all the following measures
       EXCEPT_____.
       A  enlarging no-smoking areas
       B allowing counties to collect higher taxes on cigarettes
       C  increasing smoking bans
       D punishing parents who encourage their children to smoke
3. The word policing in Paragraph 3 probably means _______.
   A enriching   B controlling   C understanding  D protecting
    4. Who is against the bill?
       A Governor Jerry  Brown   B Assemblyman Donald Wagner
       C Assemblyman Jim Wood     D The mayor of San Francisco
5. Which of the following is appropriate title for the
   passage?
       A  California Lawmakers Vote to Raise Smoking Age to 21
       B  San Francisco Increased the Age to Buy Tobacco
           Products to 21
       C  Hawaii Has Already Raised the Age to Buy Tobacco.
       D California Bill Face Opposition from Many Republicans 

  
Passage 2
Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:
   Dr. James Barry was the first woman in England to go to medical school. When she was growing up, woman could not go to medical school.(77)So how did she became a doctor? She simply pretended that she was a man.
No one knows Dr. Barry’s  real name, her birth date, or her family’s background Some records show that she was born in 1795 in London. Some people say she was the daughter of a rich man or a royal prince. One fact we know is that in 1810, James Barry became a medical student at the University of Edinburgh.
James Barry’s classmates made fun of her because she didn’t have a beard and she was only five feet tall. But no one thought she was a girl. At the age of 20,James Barry graduated from the University of Edinburgh as a Doctor of Medicine. She was one of the youngest students to complete her studies. Dr. Barry then went to work in a London hospital and studies surgery. A year later, she entered the army and become a hospital assistant. We will never know how she avoided the army physical examination.
For the next 45 years, Dr. James Barry was a British officer and a successful surgeon. Everyone admired her. She began to do a lot of important work for the army.
(78)At that time England had many colonies around the world. Dr. Barry spent a lot of time in foreign countries. She traveled to India, Corfu, Malta, and Jamaica.In 1856 she went South Africa, and she was soon known as the best doctor and surgeon in the colony. She saved the life of the governor’s daughter, and later she became the governor’s personal doctor. People admired Dr. Barry, but she also has a reputation as a troublemaker. If people talked about high voice or tiny figure, she became very angry. She was an excellent swordsman, and she started fights often.
 
 6.According to the passage , Dr. Barry was made fun of because  
   she____
   A had a low voice         B had a funny beard
   C was tall                D was short
7. Which of the following about James Barry is a fact?
   A She had a rich father
   B She became a medical student in 1810
   C She was born in Edinburgh    
   D she was a royal princess
8. Which of the following about James Barry is Not True?
   A She was a troublemaker      
   B She worked in many foreign countries
   C She made great contributions to the British army.
   D She was the best doctor in London.
9. Dr. Barry was not happy when people talked about her____.
   A family    B job    C university    D voice
10. The work swordsman in paragraph 4 probably means ____
   A someone who is skilled at fighting with a sword
   B someone who is skilled at fighting with a gun
   C someone who often fights with other people
   D Someone who often makes trouble for other people

  
Passage 3
Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:
 Chokwe Selassie is on a mission to help drivers avoid potholes(路面坑洼)。The Eight-grader was inspired to kick off his mission on a recent morning, when his mother was driving him to school. Their car was damaged as it went over a huge pothole in the middle of the street in their hometown of Jackson, Mississippi. “I decided I was going to do something about the pothole problem in my city,” Chokwe says. His solution: an app (手机应用)that warns drivers when there is a pothole ahead.
     Chokwe developed the app with his friends Rodriguez Ratliff and Emmanuel Brooks. “When the app detects a pothole, it is highlighted (突出显示)in red,”Chokwe says.
“And if you get close to the pothole, your phone will warn you.”Drivers can also use the app to report any potholes they encounter, and to look for other routes they can take to avoid roads that have them.
   The app relies on current available information about the street of Jackson."It works by using the city’s 311 call system, so it uses information already stored in a database,”Chokwe says. (79)Through the call system, citizens dial 3-1-1 to report non-emergency problems ----which include potholes. Chokwe and his friends determined that focusing on the 10 busiest streets in Jackson would give them a large enough sample size to test the prototype(原型)。
   (80)Although the app isn’t yet available for sale, Chokwe is already looking for ways to improve it. The prototype remains limited to 10 streets in Jackson, but he hopes to add more, so that it includes every street in the city. And then he wants to go even farther. “I want to keep working on the app until it’s nationwide,” Chokwe says.
 
11. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?
   A. A solution to Traffic Jams   B. An App to Detect Potholes
   C. Pothole problems in Big Cities D. Poor Road Conditions
12. The phrase kick off in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning
    to ___
   A leave    B  invent    C begin    D  shift
13. People use the 311 call system to report ____.
   A emergencies      B terrorist attacks
   C non-emergencies  D children abuse
14. The prototype focuses on ___ streets in Jackson.
   A. 10      B. 15     C.20    D. 25
15. According to the passage ,which of the following statements
   is true?
   A. Chokwe developed the app all by himself.
   B. People can buy the app from the online store.
   C. His mother’s car was damaged by using the city’s 911
      call system
   D. The app works by using the city’s 911 call system
 
Part Ⅱ  Vocabulary and Structure (30%)
Directions: In this part, there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.


16. “Can your brother and sister understand the English teacher?” “No, ____ of them can.
 “ A. Not either    B. not one     C. neither     D. no one
17. Someday in the future they are bound to ____ for the crimes they
     have committed today.
A. pay          B. cost        C. catch      D. spend
18. a true friend is one who offers you a helping hand when you are
   ______.
A. in order        B. in public    C. in time     D. in trouble
19. Young boys and girls stood on _____ sides of the street to welcome the president from Africa.
    A. every          B. each        C. both       D. all
20. Last night a big fire _____ in the suburbs of the town, causing huge
    losses to the area.
A. broke down      B. came down   C. broke out   D. came out
21. Customers: Waiter, a table for two, please. Waiter: Yes, sir. There’s one but it’s close to the door. Customer: ____. We’ll take it.
A. Excuse me  B. Not at all C. Well, it doesn’t matter D. Not really
22. A child’s five year is important as far as learning is ______.
A. touched        B. worried        C. concerned   D. affected
23. The man fell in love with her at first ______.
 A. scene          B. sight           C. look       D. sign
24. They key ____ success is hard work and persistence.
A. on              B. to            C. for         D. of
25. We are all very grateful ______ you for your help.
A. on              B. from          C. with       D. to
26. If Jack ____ to the office tomorrow, give him the letter please.
 A. come            B. comes         C. came      D. come
27. ____ Yellow River is known to be ____ second longest river in China.
 A. The,  the        B. /, /            C. The, /      D. /, the
28. Neither Jane nor Ted ______ going to meet Professor Jones next
    Friday because both of them will be busy with their classes then.
A. are              B. were           C. is         D. was
29. By the year 2020, China’s population probably _____ 1.4 billion.
A. will be reaching B. are reaching C. will have reached D. has reached
30. Mary is the only student in my class _____ speaks Chinese.
A. who             B. which          C. where     D. what
31. Anna complained the hotel was too expensive. It had ____ her 1,000
  dollars for the night.
A. spent           B. charged           C. offered   D. bought
32. ____ was in a completely different way that he played the game.
A. That            B. It                C. There     D. As
33. ____ all his homework for today, Tom felt very much relaxed and
    went out for a walk around his neighborhood.
A. to finish  B. To have finished  C. Finished  D. Having finished
34. The weather forecast says there’s going to be a heavy storm here in  
  two or three hours, so we  have to hurry back home _____ it comes.
A. before           B. unless        C. although  D. until
35. He was _____ drunk that he could hardly stand.
A. ever            B. only           C. such      D. so
36. All students are required to translate this poem _____ English into
   Chinese.
A. with           B. from            C. on      D. for
37. He was buried ____ in the earthquake.
A. Live            B. alive           C. lived    D. lively
38. _____ wrong data, he failed to work out the problem.
A. to be given   B. Being   C. Have given   D. Having been given
39. He would be studying at the university now if he _____ the entrance
    examination.
 A. passed    B. have passed  C. had passed D. should have passed
40. Large quantities of water ____ needed for cooling purposes.
  A. are       B. is           C. have      D. has
41. It is no use _____ to remember only grammar rules.
  A. trying     B. try          C. to try      D. tried
42. He demands that she ______ on her own records.
   A. keep      B. keeps        C. has kept    D. is keeping
43. Walking down the street the other day, _____.
A. I saw unusual something happen   B. a terrible accident occurred
C. something unusual was seen by me  D. I saw a terrible accident.
44. He studied hard at school when he was young, _____ contributed a
   Lot to his success.
A. which      B. therefore       C. that       D. what
45. She is leaving her husband because she cannot _____ his bad temper
   any longer.
A. put up with   B. put away      C. put off D.    put up with

Part Ⅲ  Identification (10%)
Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A, B,  C and D. Identify the one that is not correct. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

46. Whenever you ask Bob a question, he doesn’t hardly give     a
A            B                    C         
 satisfactory answer.
 D

47. Sidney did best in the final chemistry exam in his class, wasn’t he?
        A   B                        C          D
48. No matter however hard he tries, he never seems to finish his work
          A         B            C
   in time.                
D
49. I know it’s not important, but I can’t help to think about it.
   A         B                      C         D
50. As soon as his arrival at the airport, he made a long distance call to his
    A              B               C                 D
  wife.
51. He jumped over the fence, ran across the field and disappearing into
     A                 B                    C
the woods.          
  D
52. You don’t have to worry about making yourself understand as many
    A              B                     C
  people here know a bit of English.
            D
53. At weekends I enjoyed to stay alone, reading works by writers
     A                     B        C
    such as Mark Twain and  Charles Dickens.
      D
54. That road is the most busiest  one I have ever seen, it often takes an
                    A        B                        C
    hour to move two or three  miles.             
            D
55. Going to bed at 10 p.m. is a order that must be obeyed
    A                    B               C    
    by everyone here.
               D 

Part Ⅳ  Cloze (10%)
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D at the end of the passage. You should choose ONE answer that best fit into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.


As I was growing up, my life went around soccer(足球)。I played on the national youth soccer teams, and traveled to Europe. At age fifteen, I spent a summer ____(56) with a professional team in England. I always knew I was going to be a professional soccer _____(57). I had a _______(58) soccer scholarship to a top Midwest university.
But when I got to college, things began to ____(59). I started to see everything I had missed _____(60) the way. My high school years had been filled _____(61) practices and games and I didn’t get to do a lot of the other things my friends were doing.At college , I ______(62) to be “normal”. I was feeling tired out and ____(63). Finally, I decided to give ____(64) the college life that was similar to my high school days. I walked away ___(65) soccer and  my scholarship.
I ____(66) myself for the life I was living for a while because soccer was the only thing in my life for which I ever had a passion. After a ______(67) of struggle, I went to another university and finished school there. Then I did quite a ___(68) jobs. I worked in a financial company, then for an Internet company, etc. I ____(69) wasn’t happy.
_____(70) back, I can see that these jobs weren’t based on the ____(71) that were important to me, honestly, stability, and family. Then an old soccer coach(教练)of mine called and ____(72) an opportunity -----teaching soccer and other sports to little kids. I thought, “Could this be my calling?”
I’ve been teaching now for a ____(73) of years and really love it. I’m working with kids, ____(74) I enjoy. I’m playing soccer again. However, life is ____(75) from that of the past days when I lived for only practices and games. Life is so colorful and attractive now.
56.  A  thinking   B teaching   C hoping     D training
57.  A  leaning    B actor     C player      D reader
58.  A  full       B empty     C great      D cheap
59.  A  enlarge    B follow    C raise       D change
60.  A  along     B across     C aside      D aboard
61.  A  at        B on        C with       D for
62.  A  remained  B insisted    C imagined   D longed
63.  A  pleasant   B unhappy   C curious    D careless
64.  A  in         B  at      C  up       D  on
65.  A  from      B with      C beside      D beyond
66.  A complained  B blamed    C  explained  D bothered
67.  A distance     B range     C width       D  period
68.  A  few       B little      C lot         D many
69.  A either       B still       C already     D yet
70.  A hearing      B Touring   C Looking     D Noticing
71.  A tastes       B memories  C policies    D educated
72.  A balanced    B presented  C neglected   D educated
73.  A  pack      B double     C couple     D dozen
74.  A whom       B that       C what      D  where
75.  A different    B similar      C enormous  D various


Part Ⅴ  Translation   (20%)
Section A
Directions: In this part, there are five sentences which you should translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the 3 passages you have just read in the part of Reading Comprehension. You can refer back to the passages so as to identify their meanings in the context.


76. It will save thousands of lives
77. So how did she become a doctor?
78. At that time, England had many colonies around the world.
79. Through the call system, citizens dial 3-1-1 to report
   non-emergencies problems
80. Al though the app isn’t yet available for sale, Chokwe is already
       looking for ways to  improve it.


Section B
Directions: In this part, there are five sentences in Chinese. You should translate them into English. Be sure to write clearly.
81. 互联网在我们生活中变得越来越重要了。
82. 今天早上我没有赶上公共汽车。
83. 那个博物馆是五年前建造的。
84. 李明正在看报纸。
85. 你找到上周丢的那本书了吗?

参考答案
Part I   Reading Comprehension (30%)( 2 points each)
  1-5  BDBBA           6-10 DBDDA         11-15 BCCAC
Part Ⅱ  Vocabulary and Structure (30%)(1 point each)
   16-20 CADCC         21-25 CCBBD     26-30  BACCA  
   31-35   BBDAD        36-40 BBDCA      41-45 AADAD
Part Ⅲ  Identification (10%) 
    46-50  CDACA    51-55 CCBAB
Part Ⅳ  Cloze (10%) (  half  point each) 
   56-60  DCADA    61-65  CDBCA    66-70  BDABC    71-75  DBCBA
Translation (20%)(2 points each)
    76. 它会拯救上千万的生命。
   77.  她是如何成为一名医生的呢?
   78.  那时,英国在全球有很多殖民地。
   79.  通过电话系统,市民拨打311来报告非紧急情况。
   80.  尽管这个手机应用软件还没有用于销售,乔科韦已经开始寻求
         方法来改进它。

Section B
   81.  The Internet has become more and more important in our life.
   82.  I didn’t catch the bus this morning.
   83.  The museum was built five years ago.
   84.  Liming is reading a newspaper.
   85.  Have you found the book you lost last week?

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