2015年5月北京成人本科学位英语统一考试真题及答案
发布时间: 2016-04-13   来源:
关键词:
Part I Reading Comprehension (30%)

  Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D, You should decide on the best choice and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

      

        Passage 1

  Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:

  Babies who are breast-fed may be more likely to be successful in life, a new study published Tuesday suggests. The study followed more than 3,000 babies into adulthood in Brazil. The researchers found those who were breast-fed scored slightly higher in intelligence tests in their 30s, stayed in school longer and earned more money than those who were given formula(配方奶粉).

  CIA (Central Intelligence Agency)中央情报局

  IQ(intelligence quotient) n. 智力商数

  EQ(Emotional Quotient)情商

  “Breast-feeding not only has short-term benefits, but also breast-feeding has long-term benefits, "says Bernardo Lessa Horta of the Federal University of Pelotas in Brazil, who led the study being published in The Lancet Global Health.

  short-term memory短时记忆

  Long-term memory长时记忆

  The Lancet Global Health《柳叶刀》杂志

 

 (76) Doctors have long known that breast-feeding can be good for a baby’s health. 长久以来,医生们就已熟知母乳喂养对婴儿健康有益。This is especially true in poor countries, where water can be contaminated. For instance, a baby given formula in developing countries is 14 times more likely to die in the first six months than one who’s breast-fed. In the U.S., some research has suggested that breast-feeding may raise a baby’s IQ(智商)by a few points. But a recent study with siblings(兄弟姐妹)found little advantage to breast-feeding.

  Horta says these previous studies didn’t follow children into adulthood to see if breast-feeding had long-term effects. So Horta analyzed data collected from 3,493 volunteers he and his colleagues have been following since birth. They are now in their 30s. First, the researchers gave the subjects IQ tests. Those who were breast-fed for 12 months or more had IQ test scores that were 3.76 points higher than those who were breast-fed for less than one month, the team found.

  When Horta and his colleagues looked at how much education the subjects had gotten and how much money they were making, they also found a clear difference:

  Those who were breast-fed stayed longer in school for about an extra year and had monthly salaries that were about a third higher.

 

  1. From the passage, we learn that Horta_______________ .

  A. is from Brazil

  B. conducts his research in the U.S.

  C. has 30 researchers on his team

  D. is well-known in developing countries

 

  2. Which of the following about those who were breast-fed is NOT mentioned?

  A. They stayed longer in school B. They were happier

  C. They were smarter D. They made more money

  breast-feed v (pt, pp `breast-fed) [Tn] feed (a baby) with milk from the breast 用乳房的奶喂(婴儿): Were her children breast-fed or bottle-fed? 她的孩子喂的是人奶还是牛奶?

 

  3. Which of the following is TRUE?

  A. Doctors don’t understand the benefits of breast-feeding.

  B. Horta is concerned with water contamination in poor countries.

  C. Horta’s research project lasted about 30 years

  D. Breast-feeding is the only way to improve a baby’s health

 

  4. The word contaminated in Paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to____.

  A. finished B. interested C. cleared D. polluted

 

  5. Which of the following is an appropriate title for this passage?

  A. Researchers Have Pointed Out the Disadvantages of Breast-feeding

  B. Researchers Have Found Out the Shortcomings of Formula

  C. Breast-feeding Improves Chances of Success

  D. Breast-feeding Benefits Both Mother and Baby

  appropriate=proper

 

  Passage 2

  Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:

  Maggie Walker was born in 1867 in Richmond, Virginia. Her mother was once a slave in a rich woman’s house. When Maggie was very young, a thief killed her father. Her family was impoverished, so Maggie's mother started doing laundry in her home. Maggie had to help her. She washed clothes every day, but she continued to go to school. She was a very good student, especially in math.

  After Maggie graduated from high school高级中学, she got a job as a teacher. In 1886, she married Armistead Walker. They had two sons and Maggie stayed home to care for them. She also volunteered to help a social organization called the Order of St. Luke. This organization helped African Americans take care of the sick and bury the dead. Maggie Walker loved the work of the organization. The organization believed that African Americans should take care of each other.

  Over the years, Maggie Walker had more and more responsibilities with the organization. In 1895, she suggested that St. Luke begin a program for young people. (77) This program became very popular with schoolchildren.这个项目很受学校孩子们的欢迎。In 1899, Walk became Grand Secretary Treasurer of the St. Luke organization. However, because she was a woman, she received less than half the salary of the man who had the job before her.

  The Order of St. Luke had a lot of financial difficulties when Walker took over接管. It had a lot of unpaid bills and only $31.61 in the bank. But soon Maggie Walker changed all of that. (78) Her idea was to get new members to join the Organization. 她的观点是吸纳新成员加入这个组织。In just a few years, it grew from 3,400 members to 50,000 members. The organization bought a $100,000 office building and increased its staff to 55. Now Walker was ready for her next big step.

 

  6. Maggie’s father died____________.

  A. when she finished high school

  B. before she was born

  C. when she was very young

  D. after she got married

 

  7. Which of the following is NOT TRUE?

  A. Maggie had two children.

  B. Maggie was once a slave.

  C. Maggie was good at math.

  D. Maggie taught for a while.

 

  8. Which of the following is TRUE?

  A. Maggie loved to help other African Americans.

  B. Maggie was very popular with school teachers.

  C. Maggie was the founder of the Order of St. Luke.

  D. Maggie was better paid than men as Grand Secretary Treasurer.

 

  9. The word impoverished in Paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to _______.

  A. difficult B. rich C. famous D. poor

 

  10. After Paragraph 4, the author will probably talk about Maggie’s________

  A. education B. next project C. pay D. childhood

 

  Passage 3

  Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:

  When Bill de Blasio ran for New York City mayor last year, he promised to end a controversial (有争议的), citywide cell-phone ban(禁令)in public schools, which is not equally enforced in all schools. Now, under his leadership, the city is preparing to end the ban. It will be replaced by a policy that allows phones inside schools but tells students to keep them packed away during class.

  Many schools have a rule about enforcing the ban that says, “If we don't see it, we don’t know about it.” That means teachers are OK with students bringing in cell phones, as long as they stay out of sight and inside bags and pockets.

  But at the 88 city schools with metal detectors, the ban has been strictly enforced. The detectors were installed to keep weapons out of schools,but the scanners(扫描器)can also detect cell phones. So students at these schools must leave their phones at home or pay someone to store it for them.

  The ban was put into place in 2007 under mayor Michael Bloomberg. Ending the ban will also likely end an industry that has sprung up near dozens of the schools that enforce the ban. Workers in vans(厢式货车)that resemble food trucks store teens’ cell phones and Other devices for a dollar a day.

  (79) Critics of the ban say cell phones are important safety devices for kids during an emergency. 该禁令的批评者们认为在紧急情况中手机对于孩子们来说是重要的安全设备。They also say that enforcement of the ban is uneven and discriminatory. Where the ban is enforced, it puts a disadvantage on students who can’t afford to pay to store their phones.

  Before putting an official end to the cell-phone ban, city education officials are working on creating a new policy. (80) It will include rules about not using the phones during class or to cheat on tests. 它将包括禁止上课使用手机和在考试中禁止用手机作弊等相关规定。

 

  11. Which of the following is the main idea of the passage?

  A. New York City will give financial aid to poor students.

  B. New York City plans to restrict cell phone use in libraries.

  C. New York City plans to install metal detectors in all public schools.

  D. New York City will soon end a ban on cell phones in schools.

 

  12. Students pay ______ a day to leave their cell phones in a van parked near their school.

  A. a dollar B. two dollars C. five dollars D. ten dollars

 

  13. Metal detectors were installed in 88 city schools, mainly to keep _______ out of schools.

  A. cell phones B. weapons C. alcohol D. drugs

 

  14. The word discriminatory in Paragraph 5 probably means________.

  A. necessary B. tough C. strict D. unfair

 

  15. According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE?

  A. After the cell-phone ban is ended, students can use their phones during class.

  B. The cell-phone ban is equally enforced in all public schools.

  C. The cell-phone ban was put into place in 2008 under Mayor Bill de Blasio.

  D. A phone-storage industry has appeared outside the 88 metal-detector campuses.

 

  Part II Vocabulary and Structure (30%)

  Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then blacken the Corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

 

  16. A: Excuse me, sir. But can you tell me if there is hotel near here?

  B: Eh…there is one at the street comer, two blocks away.

  A: Thank you very much!

  B: _________!

  A. Nice to see you! B. Pardon me.

  C. You’re welcome.不用谢 D. I agree.

 

  17. It often takes some time for a new couple to________ to each other’s way of life.

  A. refer 提到说到,查询B. listen 听C. amount 总计,共达D. adjust适应

 

  18. Milk turns______ easily in the summer, so it is often kept in a refrigerator.

  A. sour酸的 B. sweet 甜的C. bitter 苦的D. delicious美味的

 

  19. The Prime Minister had to_________ because he was believed to have done something bad against his people.

  A. release 释放;发布(新闻);发行B. resign 辞职C. reform改革D. regard考虑,注意

 

  20. Last Sunday when Mr Wang was leaving Beijing for Canada, a number of his friends ______ at the airport.

  A. found him out发现某人做坏事

  B. put him up让人呆一段时间

  Sally is putting me up for the weekend.

  C. knocked him down

  She was knocked down by a bus.

  D. saw him off送行

  My parents saw me off at the airport.

 

  21. Bob doesn't work hard________ in school. He is playing all the time!

  A. at all 根本B. in all 总共一共C. after all 毕竟终究D. above all首先,最重要的是

 

  22.1 want to buy a new tie to go______________ this brown suit.

  A. into B. with C. after D. By

  I need some new shoes to go with these trousers. 我需要双新鞋来配这条裤子.

  I don't want to go into the minor details now. 我现在不想涉及枝节问题.

  The car skidded and went into a tree. 汽车打滑, 撞到树上.

  He went after the burglars. 他追赶那些盗贼.

  We're both going after the same job. 我们俩都谋求得到这份工作.

  As time goes by my memory seems to get worse. 随着时间的流逝, 我的记忆力似乎越来越差.

 

  23. Amy is very afraid of dogs, ______________ ?

  A. is she B. dose she C. isn’t she D. doesn't she

 

  24. The engine gives___________ smoke and steam.

  A. up B. in C. away D. off

  give up放弃

  give in 投降屈服give away分发,泄露give off散发,排放出

 

  25. Please turn the radio____________ . The baby is sleeping.

  A. up B. over C. off D. around

  Turn up出现,发生

  Turn over翻到,倾覆

  Turn off关掉,使转变方向

  Turn around转身

 

  26. Frank moved to California last summer and__________________ there since then.

  A. has stayed B. stayed C. is staying D. stays

 

  27. The airplane___________ to have sunk to the bottom of Indian Ocean.

       A. suppose B. supposes C. has supposed D. is supposed

  Her new book is supposed to be (= generally people think it is) very good.

 

  28. The management have spent the whole day discussing the schedule of the meeting _______ next year.

  A. hold B. held C. to hold D. to be held

 

  29. His car got stuck in the mud, so he_____ get off and asked the villagers nearby to help.

  A. can B. had to C. used to D. may

 

  30. It was__________ winter night and a pale moon hung low in_____ sky.

  A. a; a B. the; the C. a; the D. the; a

 

  31. When Jack came in, I________ dinner with my parents.

  A. was having B. had C. am having D. have

 

  32. Would you mind____ quiet for a little while? I am doing my course work.

  A. keep B. to keep C. kept D. keeping

 

  33. If you had come five minutes earlier, you________ him. It’s a pity you were late!

  A. would meet B. would have met

  C. met D. had met

 

  34. My friend Peter,_____ had been on a visit to America, returned yesterday.

  A. which B. that C. who D. whose

 

  35. It takes at least five years to ten years_____ it is possible to test this medicine on human patients.

  A. before B. since C. after D. when

 

  36. The man next door has a good_____________ of going to bed at 10 p.m. every day.

  A. habit 个人习惯B. custom 风俗习惯C. tradition传统 D. thing事情

 

  37.1 got the news__________ your call, but thank you just the same.

  A. due to由于,因为 B. used to过去常常 C. senior to比...年长 D. prior to在前,居先

 

  38. Alan sold most of his belongings. He has scarcely______ left in the house.

  A. everything B. something C. anything D. nothing

 

  39. The president promised to keep all the board members_______ of how the talks were going on.

  A. inform B. informing C. be informed D. informed

 

  40. _______ got on the train when it started to move.

  A. I rarely had B. Scarcely had I

  C. No sooner I had D. No sooner had I

  Hardly/Scarcely ...when

  No sooner ...than

 

  41. It’s__________ day and I'd like to go for a walk in the park.

  A. so a beautiful B. a so beautiful

  C. such beautiful a D. such a beautiful

  So adj a day

  Such a adj day

 

  42. Tom, more than anyone else, ____________ anxious to go there again.

  A. are B. were C. is D. being

 

  43. If he__________ to this project, we will not go on to carry it out.

  A. will object B. objects C. had objected D. Objected

  I object to the plan on the grounds that it is too expensive. 我反对该项计画, 理由是花费太大.

 

  44. It was during his stay in the countryside______________ he began to learn English.

  A. when B. that C. which D. what

 

  45. The destruction of these treasures was a loss for mankind that no amount of money could_______.

  A. make up for 补偿B. keep up with赶上跟上 C. come up with想出提出D. put up with忍受,容忍

 

  Part III Identification (10%)

  Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A. B. C and D. Identify the one that is not correct. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

 

  46. The teacher had three students in this English speech contest, and all

  A B

  of which won the first prize.

  C D

  解析:whom

 

  47. The war was broken out in 1937, which led to great losses of lives.

  A B C D

  解析:was

 

  48. He got to the station in a hurry only be told that the train had just gone.

  A B C D

  解析:to be told

 

  49. According to this morning’s news, about two-thirds of the people in this

  A B

  village was made homeless after the storm.

  C D

  解析:were

 

  50. House prices are more higher in Beijing than in many other places in China.

  A B C D

  解析:much,more

 

  51. I am wondering when does the next train leave for Shanghai.

  A B C D

  解析:the next train leaves

 

  52. He welcomed the new students and then went on to explaining the

  A B C

  college rules.

  D

  解析:to

 

  53. Yesterday Ted didn’t go to school and his brother didn’t go, too.

  A B C D

  解析:either

  I don't eat meat and my husband doesn't either.

 

  54. I try to avoid to go shopping at weekends because the stores are so crowded.

  A B C D

  解析:Going

 

  55. As they use energy only for motion, a snake can live longer without

  A B C

  food than a human being.

  D

  解析:it uses

 

  Part IV Cloze (10%)

  Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D at the end of the passage. You should choose ONE answer that best fits into the passage. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  Rowan Torrez will never be able to hear his late(已故的)father tell him that he loves him, but yesterday he 56 received his dad's love in writing, a postcard 57 by his father nearly eight years ago.

  On March 7,just days before the two-year anniversary(纪念日)of the 58 of Joseph Torrez, his wife Julie and his ten-year-old son Rowan, received a postcard in the mail from Joseph. The postcard was 59 June 10, 2007. When Joseph Torrez was 60 and working, he would often send postcards to them from 61 places, which he had been to for business 62. And one of them arrived in their mailbox nearly eight years 63 he sent it.

  “Hello from Boston, the postcard 64. “I love you and I 65 you so much. See you soon. Love, Daddy."

  Rowan and his mother have no 66 how the postcard just showed 67 at their home in Littleton, Colorado. But they are thankful 68 one more gift from Joseph, 69 died on March 13, 2013 from a rare brain disease. Such a disease usually 70 a person after he is sixty years old, 71 Joseph died when he was only forty-one.

  The latest postcard is now one of the most 72 gifts that Rowan has received from his father. He will 73 it, adding it to his scrapbook(剪贴簿)74 he keeps all the other postcards from him. They help Rowan 75 his father after losing him at such a young age.

 

  56. A. unexpectedly 出乎意料地B. unfortunately 不幸地C. responsibly 负责地D. frequently经常地

  57. A. write B. writing C. wrote D. written

  58. A. end B. life C. death D. birth

  59. A. made B. dated C. making D. Dating

  His last letter was dated 24 May. 他最後一封信的日期是5月24日.

  60. A. asleep B. alive C. dead D. active

  61. A. wealthy B. useful C. different D. practical

  62. A. reasons B. scenes C. emotions D. speeds

  63. A. when B. before C. since D. after

  64. A. reads B. thinks C. reading D. thinking

  65. A. think B. trust C. miss D. hate

  66. A. method B. way C. Hope D. idea

  67. A. out B. up C. away D. off

  68. A. in B. with C. for D. on

  69. A. who B. whom C. that D. which

  70. A. Trembles战栗B. steals偷窃C. covers覆盖,保护D.strikes疾病侵袭

  71. moreover B. therefore C. but D. and

  72. A. careful B. precious C. nervous D. useless

  73. A. explain B. vanish C. resist D. treasure

  74. A. where B. which C. when D. that

  75. A. forget忘记 B. surprise使惊奇 C. remember记得 D. receive收到

 

  Part V Translation (20%)

  Section A

  Directions: In this part there are five sentences which you should translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the 3 passages you have just read in Reading Comprehension. You can refer back to the passages to identify their meanings in the context.

 

  76. Doctors have long known that breast-feeding can be good for a baby’s health.

  77. This program became very popular with schoolchildren.

  78. Her idea was to get new members to join the organization.

  79. Critics of the ban say cell phones are important safety devices for kids during an emergency.

  80. It will include rules about not using the phones during class or to cheat on tests.

  76.长久以来,医生们就已熟知母乳喂养对婴儿健康有益。

  77. 这个项目很受学校孩子们的欢迎。

  78. 她的观点是吸纳新成员加入这个组织。

  79. 该禁令的批评者们认为在紧急情况中手机对于孩子们来说是重要的安全设备;

  80. 它将包括禁止上课使用手机和在考试中禁止用手机作弊等相关规定。

 

  Section B

  Directions: In this part there are five sentences in Chinese. You should translate them into English. Be sure to write clearly.

  81. 周末,我宁愿待在家里看看书。

  82. 这个国家以其美丽的湖泊而闻名于世。

  83. 在业余时间里你通常做些什么?

  84. 他们理解汉语还有些难度。

  85. 你最好穿上夹克,外面冷。

 

  北京地区成人本科学士学位英语统一考试参考答案

  Part I Reading Comprehension

  Passage 1

  1-5 ABCDC Passage 26-10 CBADB Passage 311-15 DABDD

 

  Part II Vocabulary and Structure

  16-20 CDABD

  21-25 ABCDC

  26-30 ADDBC

  31-35 ADBCA

  36-40 ADCDB

  41-45 DCBBA

 

  Part III Identification

  46-50 CACCB

  51-55 CCDBA

 

  Part IV Cloze

  56-60ADCBB

  61-65 CADAC

  66-70 DBCAD

  71-75 CBDAC

 

  Part V Translation Section A

  76.长久以来,医生们就已熟知母乳喂养对婴儿健康有益。

  77. 这个项目很受学校孩子们的欢迎。

  78. 她的观点是吸纳新成员加入这个组织。

  79. 该禁令的批评者们认为在紧急情况中手机对于孩子们来说是重要的安全设备;

  80. 它将包括禁止上课使用手机和在考试中禁止用手机作弊等相关规定。

 

  Section B

  81.1 would rather stay at home to read books on/at the weekend.

  82. This country is famous for its beautiful lakes.

  It is well-known around the world that this country has many beautiful lakes.

  83. What do you usually do in your spare time?

  84. They have difficulty in understanding Chinese.

  It is a little bit difficult for them to understand Chinese.

  85. It is cold outside and you'd better put on a jacket.

  同学点击可以下载题目[点击下载]



  


相关文章
没有相关信息
北京校本部学习中心:010-88812232/88810170 | 上海学习中心:021-36393247 | 南京学习中心:025-84893200
呼和浩特学习中心0471-4393367 | 青岛学习中心:13573831962 | 广州学习中心:020-83481399 | 杭州学习中心:0571-88320251
沈阳学习中心:024-31626365 | 齐齐哈尔学习中心:15945232405 | 日照学习中心:15666270536 | 宁波学习中心:0574-87769321
泰州学习中心:13739100067 | 永吉学习中心:0431-81662361 | 西安学习中心:18729083005 | 武汉学习中心:13871358114
长沙学习中心:18390906611
更多学习中心…
Produced By CMS 网站群内容管理系统 publishdate:2017/06/23 16:57:15